Wednesday 20 March 2024

Lot 582

Royal Interest; A Charles II letter, dated 1660, addressed to the Countess of Marischal thanking...

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Lot 582

Royal Interest; A Charles II letter, dated 1660, addressed to the Countess of Marischal thanking...

Price Realised: £7,216

Estimate: £2,000 - £3,000

Price realised is hammer price plus fees (31.2% Buyers Premium inclusive of VAT).

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Lot 582


Royal Interest; A Charles II letter, dated 1660, addressed to the Countess of Marischal thanking her for preserving his regalia in his exile, signed by the King, laid paper, folded, with armorial watermark, inscribed by another hand Madam / I am so sensible of the good service done to me in preserving my Crowne Sceptre & Sword, that as I have put marks of my favor on your sons, So I could not let them goe to Scotland without acknowledging also my sense of your kindness & care in that & in other things relating to my service during my absence. I do desire those things may be delivered to my Lord Marishall that as he received them so they may be delivered by him to the insuing Parliament: And shall only add that on all occasions you shall finde me / Whitehall the 4 of September 1660 / signed by Charles II Your affectionate frind Charles R, the front of the page inscribed The Kings Letter from London to the Countess Marishall 4th Septr. 1660 / For the Countess of Marishall Douager / Ed 26. August 1702 ... by Alexr Troup.... by act of Parliament, with red wax seal, in custom-made quarter bound red Morocco and cloth presentation box with gilt tooled label, with removable interior Perspex cover, 22 x 33.3cm 


Note: After Charles I was executed in 1649, and England became a Republic, the Scots proclaimed his son, Charles II, King and invited him to come to Scotland. After agreeing to Presbyterian demands that he sign the National Covenant, he did so. Cromwell then marched north, defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar on 3 September 1650, captured part of southern Scotland and seized and removed the nation's public records, although he did not manage to take the Honours of Scotland (the Scottish regalia). On 1 January 1651, Scotland crowned Charles II at Scone. In July the English army captured Perth and then defeated the Scottish forces at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651. Charles II escaped and fled to France once more and spent the next nine years in exile, until in 1660 he was invited back to England and restored to his father's throne. He entered London on 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, and was crowned at Westminster Abbey on 23 April 1661. 

'The Countess Marishall' refers to Mary Erskine Countess Marischal (c.1597 - 1664). The role of the Marischal was to serve as custodian of the Royal Regalia of Scotland, and to protect the King's person when attending parliament. In 1651, the Regalia of Scotland were committed by the Earl Marischal to his own castle, Dunnottar, for safe custody and George Oglivie of Barras was placed in command of them. 

Letters related to the Scottish Regalia were in the archive of the family of Ogilvie of Barras, some of which are now on deposit at the National Library of Scotland. 

This letter is transcribed in: Barron, Douglas Gordon, 'In Defence of the Regalia, 1651-2: Being Selections From the Family Papers of the Ogilvies of Barras', London: Longmans, Green and Co.,1910, p.196. 

Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

Export of goods

Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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