Tuesday 27 February 2024

Lot 77

John Hoskins, British c.1590-1665-  Portrait of Dorothy Wheler; watercolour on vellum, oval,...

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Lot 77

John Hoskins, 
British c.1590-1665- 
Portrait of Dorothy Wheler; 
watercolour on vellum, oval,...

Price Realised: £2,886

Estimate: £3,000 - £5,000

Price realised is hammer price plus fees (31.2% Buyers Premium inclusive of VAT).

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Lot 77

Description

John Hoskins, 
British c.1590-1665- 

Portrait of Dorothy Wheler; 

watercolour on vellum, oval, signed with monogram ‘iH’ and dated ‘1648’ (lower right), encased in a gold frame with spring cresting and enamelled reverse, 6.5 x 5.1 cm. 

Note: 
This portrait by Hoskins commemorates the marriage of 22 year old Dorothy (1626-1687) to Sir Charles Wheler (circa 1620-1683), 2nd Baronet, a cavalry officer from Birdingbury, Warwickshire. 
Sir Charles Wheler actively supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War, conveying the gold and silver of Cambridge University, where he had been a student and where he would later serve as a Member of Parliament, to the King to help finance the war effort. His loyalty to the crown earned him a role as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, serving King Charles II from 1660 to 1679. Dorothy and Charles had three sons and two daughters together. 

During the English Civil War, artists such as Hoskins, and his nephew and pupil Samuel Cooper (1609-1672), were high in demand. Prolonged periods of separation and mourning fueled an active market for miniatures, as these small portraits allowed bereaved family members to keep their loves ones close, often wearing them as pendants near their hearts. Hoskins’s son, John the Younger (circa 1617-1693), seems to have taken over as artist in the later 1640s, painting in a technique virtually identical to his father’s preserving the family reputation and legacy. 
In the present portrait, Hoskins has used fine and delicate brushstrokes to evoke the glint of Dorothy's precious diamond and pearl jewellery, which showcases her and her family's wealth and status. A similar portrait, which also highlights Hoskins's eye for his sitters' personality and costume, appeared at Sotheby's London, 05 dec 2019, lot 216 (£17,000). Another similar example, which, like the present portrait, is dated 1648, is in the collection of the Nationalmuseum, Stockholm (inv. no. NMB 1670). That example represents Lady Alice Lisle, whose husband was on the opposite side of the war to Sir Charles Wheler, and served on Oliver Cromwell's government. 

Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT
VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.
(ARR) - ARTIST'S RESALE RIGHT

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

Export of goods

Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website www.artscouncil.org.uk or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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