Friday 26 April 2024

Lot 68

A substantial Scythian bronze terminal, circa 7th century B.C., with openwork bell, surmounted...

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Lot 68

A substantial Scythian bronze terminal,
circa 7th century B.C.,
with openwork bell, surmounted...

Starting Bid: £2,000

Estimate: £3,000 - £5,000

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Lot 68


A substantial Scythian bronze terminal,

circa 7th century B.C.,

with openwork bell, surmounted by a griffin’s head, with side loop for attachment, 30cm high  

Provenance: Private English collection, acquired in the 1990s; Dreweatts, Donnington Priory, Chinese Ceramics and Works of Art (part 1), 11 November 2020, lot 44. 




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For a similar bronze terminal, cf. St John Simpson and Svetlana Pankova, Scythians warriors of ancient Siberia (British Museum 2017), pp254-255, no.178. 

The function of these terminals or “pole tops” is unclear, but they appeared to play a role in funerary rituals and were probably attached to horses and carts.  While the designs vary, all other excavated examples contain small bells or balls within a hollow cage. The earliest type of such bells had their origins in the Western Zhou Dynasty in China (circa 1046-771 B.C.). The griffin heads share some features with examples from Eastern Greece. 

Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

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Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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