Friday 26 April 2024

Lot 357

A Mamluk-style glass flask, Josef Lobmeyr (1792-1855) designed by architects Jan Machytka and...

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Lot 357

A Mamluk-style glass flask, Josef Lobmeyr (1792-1855) designed by architects Jan Machytka and...

Starting Bid: £1,400

Estimate: £2,000 - £3,000

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Lot 357


A Mamluk-style glass flask,

Josef Lobmeyr (1792-1855) designed by architects Jan Machytka and Franz Schmoranz, Austria, circa 1878,

The squat globular form with tapering neck and collar, over a high conical foot, painted with three large medallions enclosing a stylised flower flanked by panels of gilt leaf scroll above a band of bold naskh inscriptions in gilding divided by rosettes, the neck with a Kufic inscription in white enamel, with inscription to base in German and Lobmeyr's maker's mark,

31cm. high.



This lot presents as clean overall with strong enamels. The gilding although strong overall, shows some scattered minimal losses noticeable only under close inspection. Under U. V the rendering is homogenous. Only one area renders a bright pink reflection : a minute spot above the medial letter ق of the inscription applied to the flaring neck. An inspection with a loupe reveals some superficial dark matter, perhaps a misfiring to the enamel or a later deposit, now dried. No attempts were made to remove it. The foot shows a chip and a flake right above it affecting the gilt band. Opposite the chip, to the foot, the lot shows a large loss on approximately 3cm. leading to a series of flakes above interrupting the same gilt band.

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An almost identical flask is in the MAK Austrian Museum of Applied Arts, Vienna (Inv. GL 2573)

The inscriptions translate as 'The realm belongs to God, the One and Eternal, the Truthful', 'Oh thou, who passest this clear water, drink.'

Originally established in Bohemia in 1822/23, the glasshouse of Josef Lobmeyr (1792-1855) produced glass of a high standard in the second quarter of the 19th century but also sold the products of different manufacturers. The firm was later entitled  J.& L.Lobmeyr and was run principally from 1855 by his two sons Josef and Ludwig. By this time they no longer operated their own glassworks but commissioned glass to their own designs from Haida and elsewhere in Bohemia.

The first major exhibition in which Lobmeyr participated was that of  London in 1862. Here they were awarded a gold medal "for excellence in the making of crystal glass, tableware, and candelabra". Ludwig Lobmeyr, who took over the firm after the premature death of his brother Joseph, contacted Rudolf von Eitelberger, the founder of the Austrian Museum of Art and Industry, during the period of the exhibition. The two men's objective was the promotion of good taste in design. Ludwig Lobmeyr used the museum's exhibits as inspirational models for his glassware and regularly exhibited his new creations at the museum and at the World Fairs.

Supplied by manufacturers of glass in Bohemia both for home consumption and export, Lobmeyr became one of the leading glass sellers of the second half of the 19th century and their new glass took the exhibitions by storm. At the Vienna Exhibition of 1873 Lobmeyr was singled out for the highest praise.

The architects Johann Machytka and Franz Schmoranz (1845-1892) travelled extensively in Palestine. For Lobmeyr, they designed a considerable number of vessels in 'Arabian style' between 1876 and 1878, drawing their inspiration from original pieces in museums in Cairo and elsewhere. These new designs were much sought after when they were displayed in Paris in the 1878 Exposition. Lobmeyr continued to exhibit at all the major international fairs in the last quarter of the 19th century.

The present lot is based on an extremely rare 13th century Egyptian or Syrian Mamluk form, an example of which was mentioned by G. Schmoranz in his publication Old Oriental gilt and enamelled glass vessels, 1899, p.33. See the example from the Collection of the Late Baroness Batsheva de Rothschild, sold Christie's London, 14th December 2000, lot 48 and that in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London (Inv. 328-1900). Gustav Scmoranz's drawings in the 1870s provided the designs for several of the Islamic styles introduced by Lobmeyr. See W.Neuwirth, Orientalisierende Gläser, 1981, p.51, pl.18

Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

Export of goods

Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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