Tuesday 12 September 2023

Lot 8

Georges Rouault, French 1871-1958 - End of Term, 1908; watercolour and gouache on paper, signed and...

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Lot 8

Georges Rouault, 
French 1871-1958 - 
End of Term, 1908; 
watercolour and gouache on paper, signed and...

Price Realised: £6,500

Estimate: £5,000 - £8,000

Price realised is hammer price plus fees (30% Buyers Premium inclusive of VAT).

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Lot 8


Georges Rouault, 
French 1871-1958 - 

End of Term, 1908; 

watercolour and gouache on paper, signed and dated upper right 'G Rouault 1908', 29.4 x 20.2 cm (ARR) 

The Mayor Gallery Ltd., London, 3239 (label attached to the reverse and details confirmed by The Mayor Gallery); 
Peter and Iris Hughes, purchased from the above in 1950 and thence by descent 

the work was painted as the artist emerged from a period of turmoil from 1905-05, following the death of his mentor Gustave Moreau. From this crisis, Rouault simultaneously developed his distinctive artistic style and become a more ardent catholic. He began painting subject matter that epitomised bourgeois corruption and often fixated around the idea of redemption. This included prostitutes, clowns, cruel judges and in this series of works from 1908, school professors. In a series of a least three works on paper, including 'Professeurs I, 1908' and 'Professeurs II (or Mr. Loyal), 1908, the artist contrasts the strict authority of the professors in their formal suits with the childish innocence of the children below. The present work has a lightness of touch in the handling of watercolour and the gently satirical humour that demonstrates Rouault's sheer genius as an artist. Rouault would return to the theme of professors in later prints of the 1930s. 

In 1908 Rouault would exhibit in London at the Royal Albert Hall alongside Henri Manguin, Paul Serusier and Albert Marquet as part of the Allied Artist Association organised by the important critic Frank Rutter, demonstrating the interest already felt in his work outside France. Rouault would have his first solo exhibition shortly after in 1910 at Galerie Druet, Paris. The Mayor Gallery sold works by the artist as early as 1934 and held an exhibition in London in 1935. 

The original owner of the work Iris Hughes had an important British collection of Post-Impressionist art, including Pierre Bonnard, Walter Sickert and Maurice Utrillo, and was the daughter of Sir and Lady Maximillian Michaelis, who donated a large part of their collection to the South African National Gallery. 


Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

Export of goods

Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website www.artscouncil.org.uk or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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