Wednesday 16 November 2022

Lot 34

Follower of Govaert Flinck,   Dutch 1615-1660-   A man, head and shoulders,...

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Lot 34

Follower of Govaert Flinck,
Dutch 1615-1660-
A man, head and shoulders,...

Price Realised: £4,420

Estimate: £800 - £1,200

Price realised is hammer price plus fees (30% Buyers Premium inclusive of VAT).

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Lot 34


Follower of Govaert Flinck,


Dutch 1615-1660-


A man, head and shoulders, in a brown cloak, velvet cap and gold chain;


oil on panel, bears old typed label '1 Head of Bergomaster, by Ferdinand Bol (signed)' on the reverse, 15.8 x 12.4 cm.

Provenance: Anon. sale, Christie's, London, 26 September 1980, lot 50 (as 'BOL').; Private Collection, UK.


Note: Renowned as one of Rembrandts most talented protégés, Flinck was his pupil from 1633 until 1636, when he set up as an independent master. Like many of Rembrandt's best pupils from his early Amsterdam phase such as Ferdinand Bol (1616-1680) and Jacob Backer (1608-1651), Flinck evolved a style that is distinctive and personal, but until at least the end of the 1640s remained palpably Rembrandtesque.


The present work is a tronie, or fancy-dress study, based on a real likeness. Rembrandt developed the tronie and painted many of them from his Leiden period onwards, though they fell out of fashion after the 1640s. Flinck, along with many of Rembrandt's pupils from the first decade of his Amsterdam period, continued to produce tronies in large numbers, presumably to meet the great demand for them, and indeed, students and studio assistants as well as friends and family no doubt provided his models. Simon Schama certainly had the Rembrandtesque tronie at the forefront of his mind when he remarked to camera Dutch art has a very large hat department. (The Face of Britain, broadcast BBC2, 28th October 2015).


This tronie, of an elderly gentleman in exotic dress, is a confident example of the type. The sitter, with his engaging eyes and pleasing countenance, looks towards the viewer. His features are softly modeled by a light that illuminates the scene from the upper left, casting shadows that define his face. In overall type, the painting may be compared with both Flincks Head of an Old Man in the National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, c.1642 (NGI.254) and his Bearded Man with a Velvet Cap, 1645, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art [25.110.27]. See, also, Rembrandts Self-portrait, 1633, in the Louvre, Paris [INV 1745 ; MR 937] for an example of the tronie type developed by the older master.

Buyer's Premium

The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 26% up to £20,000 (31.2% inclusive of VAT), 25% from £20,001 - £500,000 (30% inclusive of VAT), 20% from £500,001 thereafter (24% inclusive of VAT). The premium price is subject to VAT at the standard rate.

VAT is not charged on the hammer price unless it is stated that there is 'VAT applicable on the hammer price at the end of the description. Buyer's premium is subject to VAT.

Qualifying living artists and the descendants of artists deceased within the last 70 years are entitled to receive a re-sale royalty each time their work is bought through an auction house or art market professional.

It applies to lots with hammer value over €1,000 as follows:
0 to €50,000 - 4%, €50,000.01 to €200,000 - 3%
€200,000.01 to €350,000 - 1%,
€350,000.01 to €500,000 - 0.5%
Exceeding €500,000 - 0.25%
ARR is capped at €12,500

Please note ARR is calculated in euros. Auctioneers will apply current exchange rates.

Export of goods

Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain whether an export licence is required before bidding. Export licences are issued by Arts Council England and application forms can be obtained from its Export Licensing Unit. Details can be found on the ACE website or by phoning ACE on 020 7973 5188. The need for import licences varies from country to country and you should acquaint yourself with all relevant local requirements and provisions before bidding. The refusal of any such licences shall not permit the cancelling of any sale nor allow any delay in making full payment for the lot.

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